Thursday, January 31, 2019
No emotion has such universal meaning as love. It is an integral part of the human condition. admire is the basis for by which exclusively other emotions can be gauged. Friendship and even grief atomic number 18 steeped in love. Love is so central to our lives that it is fitting and proper that it should be the topic of so much discussion. Every culture and every source has some commentary or evaluation of love. The refreshing Testament has its ploughshare of love commentary. The entire basis of the Christian tradition is graven images love for humanity. paragon so loved the world that he gave his only Son. (John 36) saviour pr for each oneed a great deal about love of neighbor, love of God and even love of enemies. (Matt 544) Shakespeares Biblical knowledge is well know and he was certainly familiar with these concepts as he wrote his plays on the give in of love. By looking closely at his works, we can analyze the spirit of true love. In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare g ives an example of true love overcome by tragic fate. His star-crossed lovers are so madly in love with each other that they cannot live without being together. (RJ Prologue, 6) By contrast, in Twelfth night the characters are so fickle that they switch love interests in the hybridize of a few lines. By comparing the true love of Romeo and Juliet with the school love of Twelfth Night, it becomes clear that Shakespeare agrees with the Biblical assessment of love. It is necessary, of course, to begin by explaining what the Biblical evaluation of love is. Of all the references to love in the Bible, and in that location are many, three sources apply best to this discussion. In the Old Testament, birdcall of Songs, a descriptive love poem between a cleaning woman and her true love, has many parallels to love in Romeo an... ...nd Juliet, Critical Essays. Garland Publishing, New York (c)1993 Palmer, D.J. Twelfth Night and the myth of Echo and Narcissus. in Shakespeare Survey 32. C ambridge University Press, Cambridge (c)1979 Parker, Barbara. A Precious Seeing, Love and Reason in Shakeswpeares Plays. New York University Press, New York (c)1987 Shaheen, Naseeb. Shakespeares Knowledge of the Bible -- How Aquired in Shakespeare Studies XX. Burt Franklin & Co., New York (c)1988 Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. Cliffs Notes, Lincoln (c)1965 Shakespeare, William. Twelfth Night. Cliffs Notes, Lincoln (c)1965 Summers, Joseph H. The Masks of Twelfth Night in Twentieth Century Interpretations of Twelfth Night. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (c)1968 Vyvyan, John. Shakespeare and the Rose of Love. Chatto & Windus, London (c)1960
lease a habitation to live in, rather than buying a home to live in is a much wiser decision. When renting a home you are able to suffer free maintenance, partially include utilities and the freedom to pack up and move at anytime you wish.     We all comparable the luxury of being waited on, especially if it is at no cost to us. With a rental home, if the plumbing fouls up, the roof starts to leak or some opposite untimely mishap, free maintenance is single a ph unmatchable withdraw away for the renters beca pulmonary tuberculosis the landlord is liable for repairs on his rental properties. Whereas, the unlucky home owners correct have some deep pockets when something goes awry in their household. Because a home owner does not have the free maintenance that those who rent do. The only things the home owners get are maintenance expenses and some free headaches.      part included utilities are a real bonus for those who rent. Some renta ls have both water and trash pick up paid by the landlord. That means two extra bills the renters need not to manage about. i can water his or her grass and take long showers without having the worry of having to look forward to a large water bill. While the one who owns their own home, has to be rather limited in their water use or else they may have to pay the high water bills.      Renting homes also has a nice freedom. When a person rents, they can eer up and move with a written thirty day visor given to their landlord. For instance, what if the neighborhood starts to turn into a less desirable theatre for residing in? Like maybe the crime rate goes up or b some othersome neighbors move in next door? Well then, the renter can look for another place in a to a greater extent desirable part of town and move out of their rented home. On the other hand, if a person owns their home, they either have to deal with the unfavorable changes in the neighborhood or p ut their house up for sale.
Wednesday, January 30, 2019
1. The underlying assumptions, theories, and methods utilize by psychologiest, linguists, and researchers atomic number 18 believed to potently affect the stylus each defines psycholinguistics. Please discuss some disparate idealions of psycholinguistics in its relation to some other branches of linguistics. Then, define yours. One of your get upence should be funda affables of Pyscholinguistics by Fernandez and Cairns (2010)OPsycholinguistics is an interdisciplinary field of prove in which the goals are to understand how people undertake lecture, how people utilization talking to to verbalise and understand iodine some other, and how lecture is represented and mathematical operationed in the brain. Psycholinguistics is earlier a sub-discipline of psychological science and linguistics, but it is as well related to developmental psychology, cognitive psychology, neurolinguistics, and dialect acquaintance (Fernandez 2011). OPsycholinguistics examines the psycholo gy of expression psycholinguistics is the name puddlen to the have of the psychological touch ones involved in phrase.Psycholinguists count intellect, producing, and remembering talking to, and hence are bear on with listening, reading, speaking, writing, and memory for run-in. (Harley, Trevor A. 2001. The Psychology of voice communication. ) OPsycholinguistic studies have revealed that some(prenominal) of the concepts employed in the analysis of sound coordinate, book of account structure, and sentence structure also play a role in wording processing. However, an musical score of nomenclature processing also requires that we understand how these linguistic concepts interact with other aspects of forgiving processing to enable language achievement and cognition. ( William OGrady, et al. , Contemporary linguistics An Introduction. Bedford/St. Martins, 2001 OPsycholinguistics, at that place is a constant exchange of information mingled with psycholinguists and t hose working in neurolinguistics, who study how language is represented in the brain. on that point are also close cerebrate with studies in artificial intelligence. Indeed, very much of the early interest in language processing derived from the AI goals of plan computer programs that bottom of the inning turn run-in into writing and programs that can jazz the human voice. (John Field, Psycholinguistics A Resource Book for Students. Routledge, 2003) OPsycholinguistics refers to the efforts of both linguists and psychologists to explain whether trusted hypotheses nearly language accomplishment and language competence as proposed by contemporary linguistic theories (e. g. transformational generative grammar) have a real undercoat in verges of perception, memory, intelligence, motivation, etc. (Hartmann and stork 1973) O.. psycholinguists are interested in the underlying knowledge and abilities which people must have in browse to accustom language in childhood.I say und erlying knowledge and abilities because language, standardized all(a) systems of human knowledge, can only be inferred from the careful study of overt behavior. (Dan Isaac Slobin 1979) OBased on my reading, Psycholinguistics is study slightly language skill, language used one another, and study how language is represented and processed in the brain. Psycholinguistics is to begin with a sub-discipline of psychology and linguistics, but it is also related to developmental psychology, cognitive psychology, neurolinguistics, and speech science. . Linguistic analysis might use similar language data or language corpuses as the determination of analysis. Please slip by an example of language use which can be analyzed from antithetical point of count on, particularly from semantics, pragmatics, socialinguistics, talk approximately analysis, and psycholinguistics. Support your answer in confaceration of their focuses of analysis. How are they similar, varied, and how are they re lated one other. Linguistics study about human language as communication. In other hand, linguistics as fild of study that the object is language. Semantics is one of study that hand-in-hand with pragmatics. specializing in semantics studies, languageis study about the kernel of language, that is influenced by the context in which the battle crys are presented. Semantics study how treatments are given moment by their structure, tone, and the situation in which they are used. Pragmatics is concerned with the role of context in the definition of meaning. Pragmatics and semantics is different parts but the like everyday study. Both semantics and pragmatics are concerned with peoples ability to use language meaningfully.While semantics is concerned with a speakers competence to use the language system in producing meaningful straight-from-the-shoulderisations and processing (comprehending). Sociolinguistics a close neighbour of psycholinguistics, can be defined as the linguist ic study dealing with the functioning of language in society. Sociolinguitics has to do with the study of language from the viewpoint of how social, regional, individual and historic aspects influence the language and its use in society which is specifically called speech community. OPsycholinguistics is the study of language acquisition and linguistic behavior.Psycholinguistics refers to the efforts of both linguists and psychologists to explain whether definite hypotheses about language acquisition and language competence as proposed by contemporary linguistic theories (e. g. transformational generative grammar) have a real derriere in terms of perception, memory, intelligence, motivation, etc. (Hartmann and stork 1973) talk of Analysis is wooes to analyzing written, vocal, or augury language use. communion analysis is, like descriptive linguistics, a counsel of studying language.It may be regarded as a set of techniques, lovablea than a theoretically predetermined syst em for the writing of linguistic rules. (Yule, George. 1983. Discourse Analysis. Cambridge Cambridge University Press). Doing discourse analysis certainly involves doing syntax and semantic, but it primarily consists of doing pragmatics. In discourse analysis, as in pragmatics, we are concerned with what people utilize language are doing, and accounting for the linguistic features in the discourse as the means employed in what they are doing. . The objects of psycholinguistic studeis are address to language increaseion, acquisition, and comprehension. Could you explain how are the processes of the trio language uses in term of psycholinguistics analysis. Language production based on Levelt, speech production carve up into four stage I. Conceptualization and formulation Primitive linguistic concept about offset printing have a bun in the ovend in human mind by David Mcneill declared that linguistic concepts are formed as two current and reduplicate modes of taught. These are s yntactic persuasion and imagistic thinking.Then syntactic thinking and imagistic thinking ellaborate to conceptualize conversation in which speech utterance and gestures to be tied unneurotic in succession. But this concept has gone(p) record. Formulation as the proceeds of the process language production. Lashely declared that production and comprehension of speech is bilinear process. Based on tradition od examining speech production, sleep tangue as a window of the formulation process. II. slips of the tongue swerve of the tongue is rule mistake, it happen to catch the goof ourselve. Then we can immediately correct. Slip the tongue as the production process . ut this concept has gone record too. III. Articulation In this stage we consider about what happens when all of he information go from our brain to articulation. IV. Self-Monitoring Self monitoring seems that as final stage. It is not only produce speech and listen one to another, but also to keep one ear open on wha t they themselve saying. Language acquisition Language acquisition is the process by which humankind accept the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words-0 and sentences-1 to communicate. Language acquisition began the aforementioned(prenominal) with the cognitive science at 1950s.Chomsky argued that language acquisition falsified these beliefs in a single dig children learn languages that are governed by highly subtle and abstract principles, and they do so without explicit instruction or any other environmental clues to the nature of such principles. While Hence stated language acquisition depends on an innate, species-specific module that is distinct from general intelligence. Chomsky believes that every child has a language acquisition device or LAD which encodes the study principles of a language and its grammatical structures into the childs brain.In other point of view There are five stages in language acquisition stated by Chumbow and Adegbija (1984) such as babbling stage, the holophrastic stage, the two-word utterances, the telegraphic stage and recursive stage. Language comprehension Clark and Clark argue that language comprehension is mental process by listeners take in the sounds uttered by speaker and use them to stool an interpretation of what they think the speaker think to convey. (Clark and Clark 1977)In sum up, language comprehension is building the meaning from sounds.While Language comprehension is generally viewed in cognitive theory as con-sisting of active and complex processes in which individuals construct meaning from aural or written information (Anderson 1985 Byrnes 1984 Call 1985 Howard 1985 Pearson 1985 Richards, 1983). An-derson (1983, 1985) proposes that the mental processes necessary for comprehending aural and written texts are sufficiently similar that comprehension of both can generally be discussed as a roughhewn phe-nomenon. 4. Following Clark and Clark (1977), comprehension involves two processes- wrench and utilization processes.The first is concerned with the way listeners construct an interpretation of a sentence from the speakers words. The plunk for deals with how listeners utilize this interpretation for further purposes for registering new infromation, answering questions, following orders, and registering promises. What really happens in our cognitive do chief(prenominal)s (memory) for both processes? Examplify your answer that the first happens earlier than the second OClark and Clark (1977) say that short memory is roughly related to the working memory in the construction process long term memory is dealt with the process of utilization.In other word In short, short-term save focus on the surface of the utterance (how the sentence is constructed) while the long one concern on the meaning much (how the sentence is properly utilized). Outilization, consists of relating a mental represen-tation of the text meaning to declarative knowledge i n long-term mem-ory. This process is referred to as involvement in other descriptions of the reading process. Utilization is the key to comprehension and the basic determinant that facilitates it. In any mes-sage, there may be an interplay among information we already know and information that is entirely new. . Production of a speech requires speakers to plan what to say before its execution. Theoritically, the plan begins firstly with discourse plan followed by sentence plan and, at last, constituent plan. What should be the underlying concepts of this order? In the execution of a speech plan, some(prenominal) mental activities happen, what are they? Explain your answer OSpeech production is the process by which spoken-2 words are selected to be produced, have their phonetics-3 formulated and then ultimately are articulated by the motor system-4 in thevocal apparatus-5.Speech production can be spontaneous such as when a person creates the words of a conversation-6, reaction s uch as when they name a image or read-7 aloud a written word-8, or a vocal imitation such as in speech repetition-9. Speech production is not the same as language production since language-10 can also be produced manually by signs-11. The production of spoken language-12 involves three major levels of processing. The first is the processes of conceptualization-13 in which the intention-14 to create speech links a want concept to a particular spoken word to be expressed.The second stage is formulation in which the linguistic-15 form required for that words expression is created. This process involves such processes as the generation of a syntactic->16 frame, and phonological->17 encoding which specifies the phonetic->18 form of the intended utterance, the third stage is articulation->19 which involves the retrieval of the particular motor phonetics->20 of a word and the motor coordination->21 of appropriate phonation->22 and articulation by the lungs, glottis, larynx, tongue->23, lips->24, jaw->25, and other parts. Levelt, WJ (1999). Models of word production. ->26. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6) 223232) 6. Children arrogate language faster than adults. Please give your arguments to equip or disagree to this statement. How do children use their utterance compared to adult. You should refer to, at least, four references. OChomsky points out that a child could not possibly learn a language through imitation alone because the language spoken around them is highly irregular adults speech is often broken up and even sometimes ungrammatical.In ways understanding and establish meaning in words, children and adults are different. Children tend to focus more on the superficial physical characteristics of an object when defining the prototype for an object and when comparing a stimulus to that prototype. Thus, children will gradually their understanding of an object. Steinberg at all (2001) conclude the progress started from vocalization t o babbling, babbling to speech, naming and apply holophrastic for one word utterances, and using telegraphic speech for two and three words utterances.Another expert Mc Neill in Steinberg at all (200136) gives another opinion that the child who is learning language can compare the language that they have in their mind with what they hear from his parents. Children give priority to collocational links between words. For example, a child might respond with the word nighttime when told the word dark, whereas an adult more likely to respond with the word light when presented with the same word dark. Children may take time to put out the criteria by adult classify item as co-ordinates. 7.Language structure and language function can be seen differently by different scholars from the side of the meaning of an utterance. Please discuss your opinion about the function approach to meaning (the procedures and uses) Outterances has different meaning in context (including the situation, condi tion, location and the time in which the utterances are produced). For example Masak begitu saja jadi gila sih? this utterance May be in giving support or motivate somebody who just got discomfited or depressed. 8. Please quote a mass demonstrants discourse (at least consisting of ten sentences).Please analyze psycholinguisticly the discourse of the demonstrant by considering his/her mass psychology. ODemo guru Bantu angkat kami jadi PNS. Kami telah lama mengabdi untuk negri ini. Kalau kami tidak diangkat jadi PNS, gaji kami tidak cukup untuk memenuhi kebutuhan primer kami. Yaitu kebutuhan hidup keluarga dan kebutuhan pendidikan anak-anak kami. Guru bantu perlu diperhatikan kesejahteraan hidupnya. Dari demo guru di atas terlihat semua individu memiliki kepentingan menjadi satu yaitu meminta kenaikan Gaji yang tidak sesuai standar untuk memenuhi kebutuhan utama.Dari kalimat demo di atas, setiap idividu guru lebih memiliki power yang lebih besar untuk meminta kenaikan gaji dikarek an mereka bersatu menjadi satu. OMass psychology is a branch of social psychology->27. Mass psychology is concerned with the behaviour and supposition processes of individual mass members and the mass as a whole. The main idea of Sigmund Freud->28s crowd behavior theory is that people who are in a crowd act differently towards people from those who are thinking individually.The minds of the group would merge to form a way of thinking. Each members eagerness would be increased as a result, and one becomes less cognizant of the true nature of ones actions. Other major thinkers of crowd psychology involve Rene Girard-29, Gustave Le Bon-30, Wilfred Trotter-31, Gabriel Tarde-32,Sigmund Freud-33, Elias Canetti-34, Steve Reicher-35 and Julia Constintine. 9. How do you agree (support) or disagree to the following ideas a. language need not be taught, nor can it be suppressedOI agree that language need to be taught nor can be suppressed, Fernandez stated that language acquisition in the child is a naturally unfolding process, Every normal human acquires alinguistic system, and failure to do so is evidence for some severalise of pathology. that children need to experience social, interactive language in order to acquire language. In fact, people acquire language at about the same speed during about the same age span, no matter what kind of cultural and social situation they grow up in. b. hildren everywhere acquire language on a similar developmental schedule OI agree that children everywhere acquire language on a similar developmental schedule. Based on (Fernandez 2011) state that babies coo in the first fractional of their first year and begin to babble in the second half. The first word comes in the first half of the second year for just about everyone. In all societies, babies go through a one-word stage, followed by a period of early sentences of increasing length finally, complex sentences begin. By the age of 5 the basic structures of the language are in place, although fine-tuning goes on until late child-hood.Children all over the world are sensitive to the same kinds of language properties, such as word order and inflection. They make remarkably few errors, but their errors are of a similar type. While there is much individual variation in the age at which children acquire aspects of language, that variation is conditioned by individual char-acteristics of the child rather than by the language being acquired or the culture in which the language is used. c. language is universal in human being OI agree with that statement about there are close to 7,000 languages spoken in the world nowadays and, on the surface, they differ greatly.However, there are profound similarities among the languages of the world so many similarities, in fact, that human language can be thought of as a single entity. Language universals result from the way the human brain organizes and processes linguistic information language universals are a product of human neurology. Thus, a persons ability to acquire and use language is natural These universals do not derive from social, cultural, or general intellectual characteristics of humans. Instead, List of references Clark, H. H. and E. V. Clark (1977) Psychology and Language, New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.Fernandez, Eva M. (2011). Fundamental of psycholinguistics. Oxford. Wiley-Blackwell Steinberg, at all (2001) Psycholinguistic Language, Mind, and World. Malaysia, Pearson Education. Scovel, T (2001) Psycholinguistics. Hong Kong, Oxford University Press. Yasin, Anas. (2010). Tindak Tutur sebuah model gamatika komunikatif. Padang Sukabina Press -0 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Word -1 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sentence_(linguistics) -2 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/ intercommunicate -3 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Phonetic -4 http//en. wikipedia. rg/wiki/Motor_system -5 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Vocal_apparatus -6 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Conversation -7 h ttp//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Reading_(process) -8 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Writing -9 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Speech_repetition -10 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Language -11 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sign_language -12 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Spoken_language -13 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Conceptualization -14 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Intention -15 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Language -16 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Syntactic -17 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Phonological -18 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Phonetic -19 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Manner_of_articulation -20 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Phonetics -21 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Motor_coordination -22 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Phonation -23 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Tongue -24 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Lip -25 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/ manducate -26 http//www. columbia. edu/rmk7/HC/HC_Readings/Levelt. pdf -27 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Social_ psychology -28 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sigmund_Freud -29 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Girard -30 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Gustave_Le_Bon -31 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Wilfred_Trotter -32 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Gabriel_Tarde -33 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sigmund_Freud -34 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Elias_Canetti -35 http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Steve_Reicher
Why did Rizal write the following poems and essays? * To the Filipino Youth. He wrote this to emphasize that the youth is the hope of our nation and that they should be amend to jock in the progress of the country. He also included that Filipino should love their own stupefy tongue. * My First Inspiration. This was compose by Rizal to teach us that our take should be our first inspiration as our mother is the one who bear us and gives us the support from the very beginning.Our mother is also our first teacher. * Love of Country. This was written by Rizal to remind us that we must love our own mother inflict and as Filipinos we should somehow give over ourselves for our country. * A Remembrance for My Town. This was written by Rizal for us Filipinos to be reminded that we should non forget our fatherland where we came from and the cultures we are used to and values we are taught of. * through Education, Our Motherland Receives Life.Rizal wrote this to open our minds that as t he Filipino acquires education, he can help the country in seeking freedom and improving the life of the Filipinos. * To the Flowers of Heidelberg. Rizal wrote this succession he was in Heidelberg as they were having their tour, wherein the flowers blooming in Heidelberg reminds him of his garden in Calamba * My Retreat. This poem was written in account of Rizals mothers request to revive his interest in writing poems.Here, he visualised how serene his life was while he is in exile. Rizal clearly expressed his acceptance of his fate and that justice will overcome in the end. * A Letter to Young Women of Malolos. This famous essay was written to commend the juvenile women of Malolos for their courage to establish a school where they could learn Spanish notwithstanding the opposition of the parish priest Fr. Garcia.This essay also contains Rizals ultimate believe which is for the Filipino women to have the same opportunity enjoyed by men in terms of education since education wil l unshackle the women. * My Last Farewell. This poem was written by Rizal showing his spirit of fairness and justice. This is his farewell to his native land which he gladly offers his life. In this poem, it depicts that he faced his death calmly for he was aware that he is going to a place where in that respect are no claves and God reigns supreme.
What be the notice components of the computer computer architecture American Express has created? The severalize components of the architecture American Express has created were the ability to more effectively do transaction utilizing mod payment methods and mobile devices. This was done through engineering science road map, summons architecture road map and utility/ subject matter road map.The attempt architecture team created road maps to understand the contributeership, organizational structure and directions and processes to discombobulate sure American Expresss Information Technology correlates with this changes in demand pose upon the social function of new payment methods and mobile devices and their concretion with the organizations mission, goals, and objectives. This is the architecture governance. In addition, it is important to understand the strategic intent of the ships society so that the business architecture helps to guide and direct the processes correctly.The technology architecture ensures that the processes and templates provided work in compliance with the require of the organization. Discuss two advantages and tether disadvantages of standard first step architecture for American Express? An advantage of standard green light architecture for American Express includes the ability to provide more consistent exploiter experience. In addition, standard go-ahead architecture use can reason out risk and exposure and reduce operate be. optimally it will reserve product and run to be brought to market more quickly.Disadvantages of standard first step architecture include the concept that architecture mustinessiness guide quite than dictate. The architecture process must seen as a fit for the employees and customers of American Express. It should be value to projects and be accepted on its own merits. It must also serve a mission in this case American Express has a strategic need for enterprise architecture tha t denotationed the specific need of shorter time to market products and services and new sales talk changes like mobile devices.Another disadvantage is that increased costs can be incurred if the system is not properly managed. How might they address the disadvantages? Since architecture must guide rather than dictate an organization it is key that the companys strategy truly drives the architecture (which, as our text points out, drives infrastructure). IT must conservatively manage the architecture to ensure that it is being managed in this manner, rather than having the company be check by the architecture or guided by the architecture ground on its perimeters, rather than careful planning of the needs of the organization.Since enterprise architecture is the broad design that includes both the information system, architecture and the interrelationships in the enterprise (Pearlson & Saunders, 2013), it is key that each aspect plant together to suffer strategy and more e fficiently help the organization. be of managing standard enterprise architecture must be managed. Standardization should lead to reduced operating costs and greater consistency within the organization. However, in order to do so, IT must carefully manage the system and scent forward as new technologies emerge, ensuring that the system can adapt and sophisticate to adjust for project needs.American Express Case StudyWhat are the key components of the architecture American Express has created? The key components of the architecture American Express has created were the ability to more effectively do business utilizing new payment methods and mobile devices. This was done through technology road map, reference architecture road map and utility/capacity road map.The enterprise architecture team created road maps to understand the leadership, organizational structure and directions and processes to make sure American Expresss Information Technology correlates with this changes in dem and placed upon the use of new payment methods and mobile devices and their alignment with the organizations mission, goals, and objectives. This is the architecture governance. In addition, it is important to understand the strategic intent of the company so that the business architecture helps to guide and direct the processes correctly.The technology architecture ensures that the processes and templates provided work in compliance with the needs of the organization. Discuss two advantages and three disadvantages of standard enterprise architecture for American Express? An advantage of standard enterprise architecture for American Express includes the ability to provide more consistent user experience. In addition, standard enterprise architecture use can deduce risk and exposure and reduce operating costs. Optimally it will allow product and services to be brought to market more quickly.Disadvantages of standard enterprise architecture include the concept that architecture must g uide rather than dictate. The architecture process must seen as a fit for the employees and customers of American Express. It should be value to projects and be accepted on its own merits. It must also serve a mission in this case American Express has a strategic need for enterprise architecture that intercommunicate the specific need of shorter time to market products and services and new delivery changes like mobile devices.Another disadvantage is that increased costs can be incurred if the system is not properly managed. How might they address the disadvantages? Since architecture must guide rather than dictate an organization it is key that the companys strategy actually drives the architecture (which, as our text points out, drives infrastructure). IT must carefully manage the architecture to ensure that it is being managed in this manner, rather than having the company be limited by the architecture or guided by the architecture based on its perimeters, rather than careful pl anning of the needs of the organization.Since enterprise architecture is the broad design that includes both the information system, architecture and the interrelationships in the enterprise (Pearlson & Saunders, 2013), it is key that each aspect works together to support strategy and more efficiently help the organization. Costs of managing standard enterprise architecture must be managed. Standardization should lead to reduced operating costs and greater consistency within the organization. However, in order to do so, IT must carefully manage the system and look forward as new technologies emerge, ensuring that the system can adapt and flex to adjust for projected needs.
Tuesday, January 29, 2019
Chapter 1 air division 1. 1 Write the musical interval of real numbers in interval notation and graph it. enter good example 5. 50. The set of real numbers less than or able to -4 Consider the following nine integers -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 94. Which of these integers has an absolute value great than 1? settlement -4, -3, -2, 2, 3, 4 Write the interval notation for the interval of real numbers shown in the graph. __________________ -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 A B mention replace a with (-3) and evaluate each expression. Which are positive and which interdict? a)-3 solution positive (b)-3 solution positive (c)-3 solution negative (d)-(-3) = 3 solution negative (e)--3 solution negative Chapter 1 discussion section 1. 2 Build up the work out so that it is equivalent to the member with the indicated denominator. attend Example 1. 5/7=? /98 (fraction problem) Let the scatty number be x then Therefore, Convert the given fraction to both decimal and percent. show Example 8 or design a calculator. 19/20 = 0. 95, 95% Perform the indicated operations. See Example 7c. Chapter 1 Section 1. 3Fill the correct value in the parentheses to make the asseveration correct. See Example 4. Solution -9-(-2. 3) = -9 + 2. 3 Perform the indicated operations. -19-13=-32 Perform the indicated operations. 15 + (-39) = 15 39 = -24 Fill in the correct value in the parentheses so the equivalence is correct. Let the missing number be x then 13 + x = -4 Subtract 13 from each side, we pass on get x = -4 13 = -17 13 + (-17) = -4 Answer -17 Chapter 1 Section 1. 4 Perform the indicated operation. (-8)(-6) = 48 Perform the indicated operations and reduce to utmost terms. 9/10 x4/3 Solution = 36/30 = -6/5 Fill in the correct value in the parentheses so the equation is correct. -48 divided by ( )=6 -48/ x = 6 ?-48 = 6x ?x = -48/6 = -8 Therefore, -48 (-8) = 6 Chapter 1 Section 1. 5 Evaluate the expression use commit of operations.. See Example 8. 3(2-3)2 +6(6-4)2 = 3(-1) 2 + 6*(2)2 = 31 + 24 = 3*25 = 75 Evaluate each expression exploitation order of operations.. See Example 8 a) 8 3 5 4 + 1 = 8 35-16+ 1 = 8 3-10 = 8-3*10 = 8 30 = -22 Chapter 1 Section 1. 6Evaluate each expression using a = -1, b = 2, and c = -3. See Example 4. (a c)(a + c) = a2 c2 = (-1)2 (-3)2 = 1 9 = -8 delineate whether the given number is a solution to the equation following it. See Example 5. Let us substitute x = 5 in the given equation, we will get 3(5) + 7 = 2(5) 1 15 + 7 = 9 22 = 9 Which is not true Therefore 5 is not the solution of the given equation Chapter 1 Section 1. 7 Use the commutative and associative properties of multiplication and exponential notation to revisal each product.See Example 3. y(y*5)(wy) y(y * 5)(wy) =5wy3 Use the distributive property to remove the parentheses. See Example 5. -3(6-p) 3 (6 p) = (-3)6 (-3)p = -18 + 3p Chapter 1 Section 1. 8 Combine homogeneous terms where possible. See Example 3. Simplify the following expression b y combining like terms. See Example 8. 2a(a 5) + 4(a -5) = 2a2 10a + 4a 20 = 2a2 10a + 4a 20 = 2a2 6a 20 Simplify the expression. 1/4(6b+2)-2/3(3b-2) (Please note the ? and the 2/3 are fractions) Solution
Monday, January 28, 2019
The nontextual matter of printmaking, as we kat once it today, is an ok artistic mode appreciated for its unique technical qualities and its im custodyse vocabulary as a specialized field of very well art. Printmaking is the process with which a wide prototype of materials and diversity of techniques be associated, which offers the artist varied possibilities for experi mentation. Anupam Sud was born in 1944 at Hoshiarpur in Punjab. She passed her Diploma in Fine Art from the College of Art, Delhi and an advanced cut in printmaking from the Slade School of Art in London on a British Council scholarship. She headed the printmaking department at the Delhi College of Art for several(prenominal) years. She has been a teacher and a mentor to many an(prenominal) young artists of today. She is also known for her fine draftsmanships and paintings. Her kneadulate breathes a unique freshness- with traces of sculptural outlines in some and hints of fanaticism of oils in others. T hough her doing features both men and women and often in the nude, her sympathies are feminist and the oeuvre introspective and somewhat brooding or haunting, concerning itself with common human predicaments of ambiguity and hypocrisy.As an educationist and founding subdivision of the printmakers guild and subsequently the mini prints exhibition that she had curated which toured several Indian cities, she has been commensurate to win for graphics a place within the folds of recognized art forms. Anupam lives at her home-studio in village Mandi, isolated by greenness and green fields, several miles away from the churning of Delhis streets. When we compare the work of Anupam sud with the great printmaker of the past, like Albert Durer, Daumier, Kathe kollowitz who used print-making for its monochromatic power of statement, Anupam, on the contrary, uses its language of metaphor. Suds art consolidates her humanistic leanings everyplace her feminist anes, reflecting upon the chara cter of humanity in all its forms.She working, oneness might say, with a mixer and political consciousness that may not be radical, only when affects a subtle intervention by speculation rather than statement. Her deep association of past artistic traditions, of the cultural dynamics that prevail in the Indian context and topical events is the trigger that ignites her imagination. The sweet bitter taste of liveness that occurs in the wider world of everyday experience engages this artist. The themes of manipulation, the relationship of power to predicament, of impotency and temptation, human fallibility and trappings, the masked existence of urban plurality, the inertia of government structures, are some of the recurrent themes that engage Anupams thought process.When encountering Anupams work, what strikes one immediately is her sensuality of seeing. Whether humans or physical objects, they are delineate in their full-bodied corporeality- their skin and flesh, texture and volume captured well-nigh effectively by well-delineated contours and in the black and white (light and dark) ambiance of etching. It is her eye, and an acute signified of the optic that guides her hand in shaping the physical reality of things. Anupam stiff a committed realist, even to the extent of sometimes being photographic. This sensation of realism is not reduced to a sterile function of unflawed copying, but refined by an intuitive vision of the perceived object in the pictorial construction. The narrative itself is packed with telling details which endure important clues to the social satire, the wit and the clever ridicule infused in the quad oddities of human situations.Anupam, I think intentionally confounds both the heart-to-heartive and nonsubjective worlds, where the obscure is sighted, the uncanny revealed and the incomprehensible called to account. Sud operates outside the narrow boundaries of art for arts sake. The dual genius of reality fascinates her a nd is seen in her enliven in polarized situations. Disqualifying traditional iconography as unsui turn off to her expressive goals, she oftentimes attempts to divest the human form of all cultural markers -caste, creed, clothing and nationality, to signify a universal image. Reflecting her own personal nature, her figures dismiss confrontation and channelize retaliation. In self-absorption, they are set apart from the familiar daily environs to fully allow the effects of emotional and aesthetic experience. Anupam uses humorous ways of representing otherwise serious concerns.Perhaps in view of the disharmony of sexual activity relations, Anupam juxtaposes the fragmented images of fe phallic foeticide and highlights an alternate biological choice with erotic forms and men applying lipstick, suggestive of a possible future homosexual world. In the work Dialogue, one version has two men in communion, characterized much by their gentle touching than speech. While the men are lo cate in an open, public space, the dialogue between two women in another(prenominal) version takes place in a dark, domestic and private space. As it happens in deportment all the time, there is suspicion also when persons of the homogeneous sex become companions. Anupam expects the viewer to tape or misread the relationships in multiple ways, validating their power to make meanings. In her work Anupam Sud on a regular basis uses the strategy of literal solidness where object makes the content familiar. Her work slangt Touch My Halo has the overwhelming centrality of a heroic male figure in a rigid statuesque pose, holding the fruits of his success, and the dance apsaras with their sensual dust rhythms, as glories of his life.In contrast to the powerful bad exterior (his temporary facade), the skull under the seat is a metaphor for his dark inner self and hollow structure. . The Shifting Halo is antithetical to this, where with the scattered collapse of power the halo has a lready shifted from the dead man towards the manliness and power of youth. The cold, ice-slab architectural space, the hard rendering of the face, the cropped body and the exact nature of its placement, the strong sense of shadows and silence make for a harsh visualisation of the theme. There are other works dosed with concerns for pollution, hazards of industrialization, barrack-like structures, erratic electricity nuisance- all familiar stories, but invested with personal and collective meaning. Dining with the self holds secret in hurt of a material sumptuousness. A clear-sighted contrast in image is visible, with the man hogging merrily and the char fair sex with an drop plate.The irreconciled situation creates a kind of visual discomfort in spite of the t equal with its luring spread. Similarly, some of the other works represent a womanish concern, where empathy and a pained compassion pervade the imagery. Women seem to be framed, that obliquely, in a man-centered wor ld of marriage, physical violation and invasive medical examination techniques. The Ceremony of Unmasking(1990) problematizes the predicament of human relationship. There is an ambiguity about the act, whether the woman is being unmasked or masked again. Overpowered by the two men with their terrorise masks, the woman, still uncertain about her feelings flings her hands up in self-referent stance. While central panel introduces the dog as a symbol of loyalty. Locating the work in a mysterious space Anupam secludes the rite and the characters involved, to live with the secret of the act. Wee Hour shows a woman in a crouched position, shaped almost in human shell form that symbolizes protection, yet she is vulnerable, not guarded from her dreams and latent desires.The incompatibility of the mind and the body is sensitively etched out in many of Anupams work. Her new-make prints quite regularly feature the intentional visual demarcation of rational and material reality the body a nd the accessories are separately juxtaposed with meanings tacit in circumstantial relationships. As an artist and as a person, Anupam is critically discerning, with a self-analytic ego secure in its self doubt. She is a mentation artist who never works with a set pattern but invites fresh challenges and seeks new discoveries with each work. Her print collages, for instance, are abstracted bits from several of her prints that make up a pictorial pseudo script. She enjoys the variety of blacks that place as a result of different papers used in her prints. One observes that in a rigorous medium like etching, Anupam has shown valiant preference for large formats. In fact, her zinc plates are getting larger and larger. She explains, With drawing, the journey of the mind begins and webs stories around the theme that demand space to carry the monumental scale of the characters.Overcoming all repressive barriers, she comfortably etches the male and distaff body in its stark nakedne ss. Technically, her attraction for the unbroken line and contour heavily compounds with her perceived human form. While shaping her narratives on the zinc plate, she indulges spiritedly in the aquatint process, often darkening the entire field and then reclaiming the whites in a most painstaking (and challenging) way. Anupams closing print makes a gradual step upnce after a era of improvisations and remedial measures perceived by the artist while pausing amidst the spaced acts of kill prints. Working with the reverse image and visualizing its positive side requires special insight. Also, drawing and scraping need the plate to be positioned flat on the table but at intervals the plate needs to be placed on the board to register distortions and incongruous working. Her hand, that transfers human touch and energy, varying in pressure, force and feeling, remains undoubtedly her most important tool of working, fine tuned with her entire being.If we compare the art work of Anupam Sud with her female contemporaries, like Nilima sheikh, Anjelina Ela Menon, Gogi Saroj Pal, her modal value is uniquely prosaic, even masculine. Her recent work. All Paths Lead to Me was done onward the passing of her father, as if etching a premonition. There are men standing visibly in memorial stones with the mythological reference to address of Lord Krishna inscribed on the stones. The lower area, a separate plate, depicts a man in (eternal) repose on the wooden cot that carries him on his final journey. Again the contradiction in Anupam, wherein the man in the plaza above, though captured in a posture of certainty, expresses uncertainty not knowledgeable where to go (or perhaps where any of us will go). Her earlier work Of Walls is based on recollections of childhood memories the walls of the ancestral kothi,(home in Hoshiyarpur, now sold) cover with graffiti, that were so difficult to jump over in childhood and now seem to have shrunk.The faceless presence of time is person ified in the womans image while the recumbent male figure, legs folded on one another, is reminiscent of the very familiar sight of her grandfather resting. More than anything, it is the mystery of time, its being there and yet not there, this loss of patrimony is most acutely felt by the women of the family who are not a legatee of this causation haven of childhood pleasure. In Search of Two Years from the ancient through with(predicate) First and Second Class Mail is a fluke from Anupams easily recognizable works. These are large colourful silk-screens in the magnified format of a posted envelope while at the Slade. They carry the spontaneous handwritten imprint of names and addresses by many of her teachers and colleagues. The monochrome human images are symbolic of people walking through time, in some subtle way their anatomies distinguish them from one another. To her credit, without comme il faut infrastructure and an advanced equipped environment for printmaking, an arti st like Anupam Sud has made a mark both at the national and the global level.She proudly believes this to be a unique Indian trait to be able to strive so hard with so little in hand. As printmakers update and go all electronic, Anupam Sud in many ways is an old-fashioned, dull but steady mover who after four decades is passionately continue to refine her skills at etching. The long tedious hours of physical labour, studio confinement amidst chemicals, machine presses, heavy rollers, metal plates, burners and innumerable tools have become a way of life for her with no substitute. She believes nothing worthy can emerge in the absence of perseverance. She is firm on her lifetime lading to printmaking, especially etching. As a single woman who has given her life a purpose, Anupam indulges in art, sourcing it through her contact with life and its innumerable shades.She acknowledges people who influenced her on the way her parents her father who loved body building, read investi gator stories and loved Punjabi theatre her mother who adored classical music and read the Upanishads her mentor and teacher, Jagmohan Chopra who reinforced her strengths and determination as an artist and the presence of Somnath Hore in Delhi, whose work she closely related to. Anupam Suds work has been exhibited widely with over a dozen solo shows and many more group exhibitions in various Indian cities and elsewhere including the USA, UK, Italy, Korea and Switzerland. She has won numerous national and international awards for her printmaking and conducted workshops in Canada and Japan. Her work is held in many private and public collections including NGMA Delhi. It was the subject of a major publication and a retrospective organized recently. She lives and works in Delhi.
Sunday, January 27, 2019
In this paper, team D result palm the course formula objectives of Riordan Manufacturing. First of all, the team allow for pick dickens commercial enterprise vistas deep take in the comp either, and discuss the general give-up the ghosts of consummation prudence dusts, rate-on rate fixingitys, salary plans, and the immensity of employee benefit plans. The both handicraft positions discussed in this paper will be the Director of judgeship, and gentleman Resources/recruiter. These positions were selected due to the radical essence of grandeur their roles play in completing Riordan Manufacturings Mission. planetary functions of act get offment systems The general function of work management systems in systems is for employers to manage employees doing and study by providing individual feedback on their implementation evaluation to spot and plan measurable argonas for personal development to picture the fundamental laws strategic goals argon being m et (DeCenzo and Robbins, 2007). For years, many an(prenominal) agreements provided judgment type performance reviews to their employees that ranked them against other employees.This type of ranking system is problematic, as it is cheating(prenominal) to comp ar employees from incompatible departments whos primary goals whitethorn be different from wholeness another and sens viewed as set muckle employees who may be unable to put in as many hours or as much effort as others who hit only one set project at a epoch and tolerate bog down down to set higher numbers. If employee development is not properly invoiced and managed, the organization may find it difficult to insure their strategic goals. This in turn can do complications between mainstream workers and management, as strong as the company, and their customers.Riordan Manufacturing uses a behavioral-anchored rating scale for their annual performance evaluations. The employees atomic number 18 rated by their pe rformance in different areas of competencies to determine if they met, exceeded, or if they did not catch the standard expectations of the labor. Behaviorally anchored rating scales specify definite, observable, and measurable ancestry behavior (DeCenzo and Robbins, 2007, p. 264). This rating is issued and determined by managers and is a sufficient measure for performance management.though this rating style eliminates competitive work habits that may assist in high intersection pointivity, it is a proven system that plant life much more(prenominal) consistent (Noe, Gerhart, & W effective, 2012) . project evaluation manners Job evaluations are all- primary(prenominal)(prenominal) for every organization to use because it ranks each position in the organization and is used to determine the pay structures for positions. Positions are ordinarily broken down by responsibility, skill, effort, and work conditions. It is also helpful to break open the positions into groups su ch as managerial, professional, sales, and so on.This submits the rankings more valid inside the job categories. To judge the music director of administration a good evaluation order would be the request method. The ordering method uses a committee composed of managers and employee reps to arrange jobs in ranking order from highest importance to lower importance. The tail of this is to compare dickens jobs and decide what job is more burning(prenominal) or difficult. Then to loan another job to the comparison until all of the positions impart been compared and ranked. There are two major drawbacks to doing evaluations this way.One is there can be many positions within the organization which can make the processes misidentify and long. Two, there are no consistent standards in the ranking evaluations. other way to evaluate the director of administration position is through the salmagundi method. This method was certain so that a standard was set in the evaluation proce sses. Classifications are set base off of skills, knowledge, and responsibilities and because by classes such as managerial, sales staff, and so on. Once these are established, then they are put in order by importance based on the criteria they are in.This process can be just as confusing as the ordering method if not done properly. A human preference department can be evaluated with the bear witness method. The point method breaks positions down based on identifiable marks alike(p) skill, effort, and responsibility, and assigns points to the criterias. This method can be helpful because all positions with the same amount of points are in the same pay grade. Jobs can change everyplace time save the rating scale under the point method stay built-in (DeCenzo& Robbins, 2007).Even though the point method is the most rock-steady it is the most time consuming. Compensation plans Director executive and gentlemans gentleman Resources/Recruiter are both essential functions in a business. They stool common commonalities. betwixt the two, they have distinctive, important functions. The Director of Administrations functions are to image business goals and unionise the personnel in the business. They also operate with financial management and selling management. Human Resources are responsible to manage, hire, making plans to curb employees, and find the right candidates.Human Resources are an important tool for any organization, industry, and geographic location. The residue between Administration and Human resources is that the administrative function is predominantly to have the conditions of employment. On the other hand, Human Resources use the traditionalistic process to manage Riordan Manufacturings goals and strategies, which follows with developmental organizational activities. some(prenominal) positions look for for the compensation plans for the organization by administering to employee bonuses, overtime calculations, and payroll.Riordan Manufacturing focuses on Administration and Human Resources, because it can create investments in the hereafter if the training programs are well elaborated and developed. Both fall into finding the best program functions (technical, finance). The development of employees is very important for Riordan Manufacturing since it helps create satisfaction among employees. The Board of Directors also maintains the executive and auditing committees under the incarnate governance plan (Apollo Group, Inc. 2011). Riordan Manufacturing also has to implement a corporate respect plan to have a safe future for the company.Riordans configuration plan will guide the company on how to handle on-line(prenominal) and future issues. The compliance plan is focused on working with issues, such as technological, logistical, and governance. By performing well in these areas, the company could be prosperous. The company has to maintain high quality in the performance of products and processes. This wil l help the company to be unsusceptible to product liability issues. magnificence of employee benefit plans to employees working in team Ds chosen positions Director of Administration and Human Resources/Recruiter Employees are offered benefits as a instrument to provide additional compensation above their regular salary to make their lives a little easier outside of the workplace. Health insurance, spend and holiday time, favorable security and retirement plans, are all important benefits to employees and their families. At Riordan Manufacturing, the Human Resources Recruiters mother the same benefits that are offered to every employee, which is an important factor for employee retention.The Directors at Riordan are offered special perks such as, travel benefits, a company vehicle, spending accounts, and other benefits that are not offered to every employee. decision maker level employees receive these special perks to encourage them to work hard for the organization and to promote fealty in the event of a hostile takeover. mop up Ending on a positive note, the team demonstrated in informative sum to the reader, an understanding of the concepts of sustaining employee performance in this paper.These concepts are the iv important activities of the HRM need function, and the connections to stimulating employees are observed. The team identified two job positions within Riordan Manufacturing, which are the Director of Administration, and Human Resources/recruiting. The team exposit the general functions of performance management systems. The team suggested two job evaluation methods for both of the job positions and answered questions about the advantages and disadvantages of these methods based on the recruiter and Director of Administration and Human Resources job positions.The team compared and contrasted the possible compensation plans for those two job titles. The team explained the importance of providing employee benefit plans to the recruiter /director of HR. An in-depth, comprehensive overview of activities planned in sustaining employee performance in the two positions at Riordan as referenced from week five materials, and the realistic organization site, followed by a logical conclusion.Sustaining Employee carrying into actionIn this paper, team D will address the course design objectives of Riordan Manufacturing. First of all, the team will pick two job positions within the company, and discuss the general functions of performance management systems, job evaluation methods, compensation plans, and the importance of employee benefit plans. The two job positions discussed in this paper will be the Director of Administration, and Human Resources/recruiter. These positions were selected due to the extreme amount of importance their roles play in completing Riordan Manufacturings Mission.General functions of performance management systems The general function of performance management systems in organizations is for em ployers to manage employees performance and development by providing individual feedback on their performance evaluation to identify and plan measurable areas for personal development to ensure the organizations strategic goals are being met (DeCenzo and Robbins, 2007). For years, many organizations provided appraisal type performance reviews to their employees that ranked them against other employees.This type of ranking system is problematic, as it is unfair to compare employees from different departments whos primary goals may be different from one another and can viewed as putting down employees who may be unable to put in as many hours or as much effort as others who have only one set project at a time and can bog down to set higher numbers. If employee development is not properly calculated and managed, the organization may find it difficult to meet their strategic goals. This in turn can create complications between mainstream workers and management, as well as the company, and their customers.Riordan Manufacturing uses a behavioral-anchored rating scale for their annual performance evaluations. The employees are rated by their performance in different areas of competencies to determine if they met, exceeded, or if they did not meet the standard expectations of the job. Behaviorally anchored rating scales specify definite, observable, and measurable job behavior (DeCenzo and Robbins, 2007, p. 264). This rating is issued and determined by managers and is a sufficient measure for performance management.Though this rating style eliminates competitive work habits that may assist in high productivity, it is a proven system that works much more consistent (Noe, Gerhart, & Wright, 2012) . Job evaluation methods Job evaluations are important for every organization to use because it ranks each position in the organization and is used to determine the pay structures for positions. Positions are usually broken down by responsibility, skill, effort, and work co nditions. It is also helpful to separate the positions into groups such as managerial, professional, sales, and so on.This makes the rankings more valid within the job categories. To evaluate the director of administration a good evaluation method would be the ordering method. The ordering method uses a committee composed of managers and employee reps to arrange jobs in ranking order from highest importance to lower importance. The base of this is to compare two jobs and decide what job is more important or difficult. Then to add another job to the comparison until all of the positions have been compared and ranked. There are two major drawbacks to doing evaluations this way.One is there can be many positions within the organization which can make the processes confusing and long. Two, there are no consistent standards in the ranking evaluations. Another way to evaluate the director of administration position is through the classification method. This method was developed so that a standard was set in the evaluation processes. Classifications are set based off of skills, knowledge, and responsibilities and then by classes such as managerial, sales staff, and so on. Once these are established, then they are put in order by importance based on the criteria they are in.This process can be just as confusing as the ordering method if not done properly. A human resource department can be evaluated with the point method. The point method breaks positions down based on identifiable marks like skill, effort, and responsibility, and assigns points to the criterias. This method can be helpful because all positions with the same amount of points are in the same pay grade. Jobs can change over time but the rating scale under the point method stay intact (DeCenzo& Robbins, 2007).Even though the point method is the most reliable it is the most time consuming. Compensation plans Director Administrator and Human Resources/Recruiter are both important functions in a business . They have common commonalities. Between the two, they have distinctive, important functions. The Director of Administrations functions are to meet business goals and organize the personnel in the business. They also operate with financial management and marketing management. Human Resources are responsible to manage, hire, making plans to retain employees, and find the right candidates.Human Resources are an important tool for any organization, industry, and geographic location. The difference between Administration and Human resources is that the administrative function is predominantly to maintain the conditions of employment. On the other hand, Human Resources use the traditional process to manage Riordan Manufacturings goals and strategies, which follows with developmental organizational activities. Both positions seek for the compensation plans for the organization by administering to employee bonuses, overtime calculations, and payroll.Riordan Manufacturing focuses on Admini stration and Human Resources, because it can create investments in the future if the training programs are well elaborated and developed. Both fall into finding the best program functions (technical, finance). The development of employees is very important for Riordan Manufacturing since it helps create satisfaction among employees. The Board of Directors also maintains the executive and auditing committees under the corporate governance plan (Apollo Group, Inc. 2011). Riordan Manufacturing also has to implement a corporate compliance plan to have a safe future for the company.Riordans compliance plan will guide the company on how to handle current and future issues. The compliance plan is focused on working with issues, such as technological, logistical, and governance. By performing well in these areas, the company could be prosperous. The company has to maintain high quality in the performance of products and processes. This will help the company to be unsusceptible to product li ability issues. Importance of employee benefit plans to employees working in team Ds chosen positions Director of Administration and Human Resources/Recruiter Employees are offered benefits as a means to provide additional compensation above their regular salary to make their lives a little easier outside of the workplace. Health insurance, vacation and holiday time, social security and retirement plans, are all important benefits to employees and their families. At Riordan Manufacturing, the Human Resources Recruiters receive the same benefits that are offered to every employee, which is an important factor for employee retention.The Directors at Riordan are offered special perks such as, travel benefits, a company vehicle, expense accounts, and other benefits that are not offered to every employee. Executive level employees receive these special perks to encourage them to work hard for the organization and to promote loyalty in the event of a hostile takeover. Conclusion Ending on a positive note, the team demonstrated in informative content to the reader, an understanding of the concepts of sustaining employee performance in this paper.These concepts are the four important activities of the HRM motivation function, and the connections to stimulating employees are observed. The team identified two job positions within Riordan Manufacturing, which are the Director of Administration, and Human Resources/recruiting. The team described the general functions of performance management systems. The team suggested two job evaluation methods for both of the job positions and answered questions about the advantages and disadvantages of these methods based on the recruiter and Director of Administration and Human Resources job positions.The team compared and contrasted the possible compensation plans for those two job titles. The team explained the importance of providing employee benefit plans to the recruiter/director of HR. An in-depth, comprehensive overview of act ivities planned in sustaining employee performance in the two positions at Riordan as referenced from week five materials, and the virtual organization site, followed by a logical conclusion.
accord to Connelly, Roberts, and McGivney, LLC (1998), in todays workplace computers and electronic communications are the average rather than the mission (p. 1). With technology, rapidly advancing electronic communication is turn essential. This creates a challenge for government practiseivitys on how and what to monitor when it comes to its employees. This idea bequeath turn the issue of concealment in the global workplace and give suggestions on what concealment rights issues should be addressed, as well as what the comp boths position should be in response to its privacy rights. Lastly, it will specialize how organizations privacy cherishions whitethorn limit the comp some(prenominal)s obligation and how privacy protections upgrade employee motivation and productivity. cover Rights to be Addressed The majority of employees seem to buzz off a certain amount of privacy in the workplace. Nevertheless, in that respect are times where the employer may have a justifi able law c axerophtholaign to monitor or investigate the employees within its organization. The following contri justes round business practices that may be imposed to date the honesty of the organization and the employees within the organization. One privacy right that should be addressed is medicate testing. Drug testing helps to find out the safety of the workplace. According to Jankanish and Husbands (1993), drug and inebriant testing programs should fit within existing arrangements for ensuring the quality of work life, employee rights, the safety, and protective covering of the worksite, and employer rights and responsibilities (e.g. protection of the public interest) (p. 105).The testing should check off the workers rights and confidentiality of the results. an new(prenominal)(prenominal) issue to be addressed is background checks on potential bracing hires. The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) has set guidelines and standards for organizations to follow when implem enting a background check. According to Alison Doyle (nd), the FCRA defines a background check as a consumer report. Before an employer sess get a consumer report for employment purposes, they essential notify you in writing and get your written authorization (p. 1). heretofore if an employer is just running a basic check for inquiry purposes they must(prenominal) still get permission from the employee. The purpose of the background check is to ensure that instruction that was provided from the applicant is truthful, and some organizations require certain protective covering clearances, or the item-by-item may be applying for a position that works close with children. The employer still deprivations to have permission from the applicant in prescribe to run these background checks. Lastly, the employer needs to protect the privacy of employee personal knowledge.According to Brian Koerner (nd), twenty five percent of all identity thieves are know by the victim whether it be a friend, relative, or co-worker (p. 1). Employers need to take steps to keep personal knowledge such as social hostage numbers, home addresses, and phone numbers safe. This training if obtained by the wrong person could lead to identity theft. Employers need to ensure that the suppress steps are taken to keep employee information confidential. This can be done by utilizing an employee number rather than the employees social security number, steel sure that personal information is not posted where it is tardily accessible, only allowing acceptable personnel to handle confidential information, and dispose of information and documentation appropriately (about.com). Limiting Liability It is important that companies on a lower floorstand the diametrical potential corporate and personal obligation when preparing, planning, implementing or maintaining an employee privacy vade mecum section. Companies must remain aware of potential issues that may need to be addressed in pastur e to remain proactive and avoid liability pitfalls.There are many areas of potential liability an organization that includes negligence, liability under the privacy act, loss, or blackguard of personal records, and criminal liability. In order to provide an organization with the most liability protection, they must be aware of what these liabilities are. Negligence is the failure to provide fairish care, which result in damages to another person or company. If a company or organization does not take reasonable care to provide becoming protection for their employees or customers information and the employee or customer suffers damages, the organization may be legally responsible for the amount of loss suffered. In order to avoid negligence, organizations must be proactive and provide adequate security. The silence Act was created to ensure that companies are obligated to provide protection in ways that they retain, collect, use, and disclose personal information (Bushkin, p. 1). Companies covered by the secrecy Act are required to protect private and personal information they hold. Companies must avoid misuse and loss as well as unauthorized access. Whether it is physical protection or electronic protection, companies must provide a reasonable level of security.Companies who act negligent and cause ebullient damages to singulars or customers may face criminal liability. Companies must act appropriately when dealing with private or personal information. Intentional misuse of personal or private information may result in criminal proceedings. Companies must take reasonable measure to ensure that the security systems in place adequately protect their employees and customers information. It is marvelous that an organization will be held responsible for information lost referable to security attacks provided that they have acted reasonably in their attempts to protect the information (Givens, p. 1). Companies can face significant damages and a direct loss in business as well as liability to third parties if they do not proved the necessary security measures. By designing, developing and implementing a strong security policy as well as educating employees on how to handle private and personal information, companies can protect themselves and their employees from potential liabilities. It may be necessary for companies to audit their employees to ensure that information is not be misused.Addressing the laws required in the employee handbook regarding privacy will consist of the hiding Impact Assessment (PIA). A PIA is an analysis of how information is handled (1) to ensure handling conforms to applicable legal, regulatory, in addition, policy requirements regarding privacy, (2) to finalise the risks and effects of collecting, maintaining, and disseminating information in identifiable form in an electronic information system, and (3) to get word and evaluate protections and alternative processes for handling information to mitigate p otential privacy risks (September 26, 2003). When addressing the laws regarding privacy in the employee handbook the following processes will occur.Whenever any mental representation makes a determination under this section not to amend an souls record in accordance with his or her demand, or fails to make such review in conformity or fails to maintain any record concerning any individual with such accuracy, relevance, timeliness, and completeness as is necessary to assure fairness in any determination relating to the qualifications, character, rights, or opportunities of or benefits to the individual that may be made on the basis of such record, and thus a determination is made which is adverse to the individual or fails to admit with any other provision of this section, or any rule declare there under, in such a way as to have an adverse effect on an individual, the individual may bring a civil movement against the performance, and the district judicial systems of the Uni ted States shall have jurisdiction in the matters under the provisions of this section (September 26, 2003).The courtyard may order the deputation to amend the individuals record in accordance with his request or in such other way as the court may direct. In such a study the court shall determine the matter de novo. The court may assess against the United States reasonable attorney fees and other litigation costs reasonably incurred in any case under this paragraph in which the complainant has substantially prevailed (September 26, 2003). The court may enjoin the theatrical performance from withholding the records and order the production to the complainant of any agency records improperly withheld from him (September 26, 2003.) In such a case the court shall determine the matter de novo, and may examine the contents of any agency records in camera to determine whether the records or any portion hence may be withheld under any of the exemptions set forth in this section and th e burden are on the agency to sustain its action (September 26, 2003). The court may assess against the United States reasonable attorney fees and other litigation costs reasonably incurred in any case under this paragraph in which the complainant has substantially prevailed (September 26, 2003).In any suit brought under the provisions of this section in which the court determines that the agency acted in a manner, which was intentional or willful, the United States shall be liable to the individual in an amount equal to the sum of actual damages preserve by the individual as a result of the refusal or failure, but in no case shall a person entitled to recuperation receive less than the sum of $1,000 and the costs of the action together with reasonable attorney fees as determined by the court (September 26, 2003). An individuals name and address may not be sold or rented by an agency unless such action is specifically authorized by law (September 26, 203). This provision shall not be construed to require the withholding of label and addresses otherwise permitted to be made public.Matching agreements, no record, which is contained in a system of records, may be disclosed to a pass catcher agency or non-Federal agency for use in a computer-matching program except pursuant to a written agreement between the sources agency and the recipient agency or non-Federal agency specifying (September 26, 2003). Having this section in the privacy handbook takes some ethical considerations because providing key rules and regulations in protecting someones personal information is extremely important. Due to the amount of technology in this day of age moreover, the amount of identity theft it is crucial to protect personal information. Having trust and security is an ethical consideration for the fact that someone will feel protected by the laws and the company.Corporations are faced with challenges routine on how to protect their employees. By implementing and using the employee handbook privacy, section this will help to keep these companies records safe and secure for the employees. Technology has made it in addition easy for hackers to access information so by regulating how the information is kept will help to ensure the safety of the employees information. What this paper covered is the issue of privacy in the global workplace and gave suggestions on what privacy rights issues should be addressed, as well as what the companys position should be in response to its privacy rights. Lastly, it defined how organizations privacy protections may limit the companys liability and how privacy protections enhance employee motivation and productivity. With all of these guidelines in place the employees will have a better sense of security in the workplace.ReferencesBushkin, Aruthur A. The Privacy Act of 1974 A Reference Manual for Compliance. Retrieved October 30, 2006 from http//www.cavebear.com/nsf-dns/pa_history.htm Connelly, Roberts, and McGivney, LL C. (1998). Privacy Issues in a High-Tech Workplace. Retrieved October 29, 2006 from http//library.findlaw.com/1998/ foul up/1/130358.html Doyle, A. (nd). Background Check Employment. Retrieved October 29, 2006 from http//jobsearch.about.com/cs/backgroundcheck/a/background.htm Givens, Beth. Legislative Hearing, Privacy Rights. Retrieved October 30, 2006 from http//www.privacyrights.org/ar/outsourcing-privacy.htm Jankanish, M. & Husbands, R. (1993). Workers Privacy. Retrieved October 29, 2006 from http//books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN9221087468&id=eisbpZMK4qkC &pg=PA105&lpg=PA105&dq=what+privacy+rights+issues+should+be+addressed&sig=zL07cCOHNB7lOgu2Z9RwX8sBASg Koerner, B. (nd). Is Your Employer Protecting Your in person Identifiable Information? Retrieved October 29, 2006 from http//idtheft.about.com/od/workplaceidentitytheft/p/workplacePII.htm The Privacy Act of 1974. 5 U.S.C. 552a 552a. Records maintained on individuals as Amended, Updated page September 26, 2003 . Retrieved on October 30, 2006 from http//www.usdoj.gov/oip/privstat.htm
Saturday, January 26, 2019
One fundamental notion in the pay and economic fields with regards to decision reservation has always been establish on the underlying assumption that individuals or decision making agents ar sagacious and heading. However, in umpteen faux pass, rationalistic translations decl ar failed to act study financial occurrences in the past.A unplayful and simple congresswoman is given everywhere by Fromlet (2001), In 2001 the Swedish currency the crown- was seriously undervalued in the foreign replacement mart despite the particular that Swedish economy enjoyed a good economic growth record, had the lowest inflation rate among the 12 European M nonpareiltary union members, surplus government budget and a good, positive balance of payment position. Thus in this case all the rationalistic theories could not adequately explicate the weakening of the crown given the fact that all economic indicators showed that it should be stronger. concord to many theorists, even though real numberity give the bouncenot be get throughed, a good theoretical model should include mechanisms that serving in relaxing as much assumptions as possible to attain a near realistic empirically ground theory. Most of the traditional and neoclassical financial theory such as the capital addition pricing model (CAPM) and expected utility theory (EUT) are base on the unrealistic assumptions that can be explained as Representative agents and players in the financial trade are rational therefore base their decisions with the objective of maximizing wealth therefore asset pricing reflect the real value of the asset at any particular time (Thaler, 1999). The grocery given time will settle on an equilibrium organize and that the equilibrium price reflects the real value of the asset that can rationally be explained using traditional theories (Ideal or rationally explained equilibrium) (Thaler, 1999).Behavioral finance is a relatively new field of study that has made trem inte rceptous go along in the attempt to answer these unrealistic assumptions and offer an alternative explanation of the financial market. Behavioral finance holds that the market is unrealistic due to the homosexual element therefore, in evaluation of financial market decision making and market condition, financial theories should recognize the role of human behavior in financial assets price determination.The composition of financial investors is diverse from fathers and mothers, ho engrosshold, spouses, students, businessmen, government leadership etc. are all decision makers in the financial market thus the assumption of rationality as provided by these theories is unrealistic (Ritter, 2003). These report is an in depth evaluation of the behavioural theory and its application in the financial market. The paper will look at the strength and weaknesses of behavioral finance in an attempt to show its applicability as a in additionl in the financial market.Definition and descripti on of behavioral finance. Behavioral finance is an empirically based theory, Behavioral finance theorists argue that to understand the carrying into action and decision making in market, it important to integrate psychological and behavioral variables and classical financial theories in decision making and market atmosphere. According to this theory, the market is sometimes information inefficient and participants do not much make decision rationally.Behavioral finance uses to main concepts namely cognitive psychology and strangles to arbitrage. cognitive psychology as applied in behavioral finance focuses on behavioral factors influencing investors decision making or how multitude think it postulates that investors make systematic errors in the manner they think and this contributes to unreason in decision making. For instance, some investors might be confident and end up loosing due making investment decision based on this behavioral trait.This cognitive biases lead to irra tional decision and can explain the weaknesses of classical financial theories with regards to why the market fails to attain equilibrium or conceptual expectation of rational investor decision in the financial market. (Ritter, 2003). Cognitive biases. Cognitive psychologists hold that there several cognitive biases that affect investors decisions in the market, as mentioned this biases lead investors to make systematic errors hence explaining unreason in the financial market.This paper will highlight the cognitive biases by combining some of the documented behavioral frames in arguing the case and behavior finance model case in the financial market it should be noted that psychological patterns and behavior categories as presented are interlinked to the finish that an individual can make decisions due to several behavioral patterns (Fromlet, 2001) 1/n Heuristics or rule of thumb. Heuristics or the rule of thumb is one common behavioral technique applied in decision making.Accord ing to the exposition (as quoted in Fromlet, 2001), heuristic means use of experience and practical efforts to answer questions or to improve performance. Heuristics mean fast, selective interpretation of information, determined to a high extent by intuitiontaking into account that the conclusions whitethorn not give the desired results because of the velocity and/or the incompleteness in the decision-making. This technique makes it easier for investors since information in the market usually spreads faster, changes oftentimes and has become more complicated to interpret. Therefore, given various options many investors use the 1/n rule by spreading their funds as or proportionately on the available options since it is easier than choosing the rational option based on the information hence introducing irrationality in the market in terms of decision making.A good example is if in a given financial market six different economic indicators are published, economists and investors h ave to assimilate and use the information as fast as they can to take advantage of the market, some result to heuristic approach. This sometimes leads to suboptimal results and explains the oddment between the ideal classical financial market of a rational investor and the real world. (Fromlet, 2001 and Ritter, 2003).Thaler (1999), argue that from empirical evidence collected in their look for most individuals investing for retirement have little or no knowledge of the financial market hence uses the rule of thumb or 1/n heuristic approach to make decisions on where to throw away there retirement savings. Overconfidence and preference for certain information. Another pattern that manifests itself and lead to irrationality in decision making in the financial market is overconfidence.Ritter (2003), notes that entrepreneurs tend to be overconfident and hence invest too much in stocks or options that they are familiar with. This can be termed as an irrational tendency to the extent t hat it leads overconfident entrepreneurs tend to limit their options by not diversifying their portfolio hence irrational since they tie up their assets (for example real estates) to the company they are familiar with partly due to the fact that they would feel in control of local familiar stocks compared to high returns stocks that are outside their control, this is referred to as control illusions.A good example world over is the fact that most workers tend to invest too much in the company they work for and this has led to loss of entire savings to many of the companies in the event of insolvency (see Ritter, 2003 pg. 434 for examples). Furthermore, it was noted that generally, men are more overconfident than women and this behavior extends to investment decisions. It was found out in a explore by Bernard and Odeon (2001 as quoted in Ritter 2003) that the more men on second-rate perform worse than women and this is partly attributed to the fact that they are overconfident than women.
Friday, January 25, 2019
We will go through the BP business context and culture, recourse aspect, organization capability, responsiveness and risk assessment aspects of their ethical culture, head from the management and caused the disaster.BP Business Context and ethical cultureFrom the BP management employer aspects, they ar non follow some mechanical take, safety procedure oer and ignored which required by Act (e.g. Clean Air Act) oer 8 year for their merchandise. At the end the huge explosion occurred in March 2005. Because of the hydrocarbon liquid passing waterage and vapor, the ignition explosion end point of the accident. They failed to chip in the safeguards protection tools to protect employees, this accident killing employees and injured people in Texas oil refinery. And the other issue of the Alaskan oil pipelines leaked their culture excessively reflect the safety indifference in their operation and management. Not restrain the pipelines by routine maintenance. BP management did no n doing any corrective effect on the contract worker discovered the first pipeline leak in March of 2006, (e.g. whole stop the pipelines operation for checking details), relieve wait the leakage happen on August 2006. And in October 2007 another descent in Prudhoe Bay, once again showing that BP was ignored the maintenance equipment and the safety level of the production.In 2010, violations again at BP facilities (at Ohio factory), the Occupational Safety and health Administration (OSHA) found that workers might be exposed to injury or death should explosive or flammable chemicals be released at an Ohio factory. The BP works environment have the characteristic that is resistance to change, lack of trust and penury unclear expectations about supervisory and management behaviors, led to rules not universe followed formatically and no initiating improvements. Management did not set or consistently reinforce process safety, operations performance and systematic to reduce the ri sk. e.g. ignored the safety protection tools. (Reference 01) Organizational Capability minusculesighted management and communication in the complex organization, high turnover of refinery plant managers which will adjoin their consistency of responsibilities.Inability to see the risk, poor level of hazard consciousness and process safety knowledge, e.g. the temporary worker doing wrong on the hydrocarbons to ambience with unclear control in the high risk and safety patience practice. Lack of early warning system in the refinery plant e.g. poor communication, poor performance-management process and deteriorating the work standards. Means that BP allows the defective process in their production refinery and pipelines channel. Even though the project was carried out before the blanket(a) research to identify any potential environment risks of the pipelines stretched to their networkFrom the BP investor aspects, level(p) a huge amount of fines, criminal penalties were paid again. They just only if concern the profit rather then the employees, environment, base on their short term focus with high level oversight on taproom or improvement and safety management. Even the production was shut prevail over a month for repairing they just focus on resume the production which means profit as a priority.From the interest group, e.g. depicted object seek and Wildlife, the state law and act. BP was neglected their monitoring role, just paid the monetary fund or fines to be a remedy, scarcely still running at their loosen management culture.From the BP employees aspects, insider trading and fraud document (mail fraud and fit fraud), and reward from the manipulate the propane market at a high prices virtue of the BP management, also lack of monitor and alert of the internal control. As the National oil company, the management let company making loss on violate Act, not setting a well control system for employees for prevention. These parts clearly showing the h istory of disregarding the well-being of stakeholders not follow the law and high level operation and maintenance level of BP.Different refinery plane have their own safety management system, and they did not share their best practice with others. So doing the same work but running at different safety system level. And as the employees of BP, from the result of the explosion, oil leakage and fraud issue all of them are affect their society and economic damage. They know and maintain these BP culture but they do not concern until the accident or issue occurred.From these aspects of the BP ethical culture, and still no solid continues improvement, then it was caused the Gulf Coast oil gloam disaster. At the beginning, BP tried to shift their responsiveness to the contractor Transocean, Ltd., loosen and negligence management style (know but not concern style), lying on the accident real situation to public. And delay the recovery work which effect to their management decision and st yle.
Thursday, January 24, 2019
During the sixteenth century, men were able to control their wives and women were non able to speak appear against their hubbys, including genus genus Emilia, a character in William Shakespe bes recreate Othello, is discernly underestimated by every character, including her preserve, Iago. In the beginning of the play, Emilia is submissive, solely in the end she transforms and stands up to her husband and doesnt let him take on external with any of his manipulations. At the beginning of the play, Emilia is completely submissive and couldnt struggle with Iago whatsoever, no matter what he said and she was imparting to do anything, as long at it helped him succeed.When Iago talks about women, he re tout ensembley has nobody nice to say. In fact, when Iago is slandering women and talking about Emilia and she doesnt stand up to him, only Desdemona does, telling Iago to stop talking about Emilia so harshly. He says, players in your huswifery and huswives in your bed, utter th at women are only estimable for cleaning and in bed (2. 1. 121-125). Iago goes on to say women talk to lots and are practically useless. Desdemona refutes Iago, but Emilia cannot.Another example of Emilias submission is when she and Desdemona are talking about why people outfit and Emilia says that she would cheat on her husband, not if t here(predicate) was any receipts to her, but if it would benefit her husband, she wouldnt think twice (4. 3. 81-87). Emilia begins the play completely submissive to her husband and unable to defend herself against the awful things he says. Then, towards the middle of Act phoebe bird, Emilia begins to put Iagos manipulations together and is wary of his motivations.As soon as Emilia hears that Desdemona has been killed, she, Othello and Iago are speaking and Emilia begins to question Iago, saying, disprove this villian if thou best a man, Iago responds saying that he told Othello what he thought was true and Emilia continues to try and work up o ut what Iago has spun together (5. 2. 210-214). Then, when Emilia pieces more of Iagos complex fix of manipulations, she begins to get angry saying to Iago, you told a lie, an odious, damned lie Upon my soul, a lie, a wicked lie (5. 2.216-218).Emilia makes an accusation, claiming her husband is the reason everyone has been killed, in front of many an(prenominal) other men. This was extremely bold of her because during this time, women were taught to obey their husbands. Emilia is the one who Iago shouldve cognise best, the easiest to trick, but instead shes the only one who can and does begin to recrudesce Iagos complete manipulations of every single other character. Here, Emilia begins her complete slip from being completely submissive to defying Iagos commands.As the drama continues, Emilia completely reveals Iagos manipulations on with the many lies that he has told all the other characters. Emilia finally puts all the pieces of Iagos web of manipulations together, and rea lizes the complete terror that he has caused. When Emilia is questioning Iago, he tells her to be quiet and leave them alone. Emilia responds back angrily, I will not charm my tounge. I am bound to speak. My mistress here lies murdered in her bed (5. 2. 220-221) Emilia knows what has happened and knows that she needs to tell everyone forward the situation gets even worse and even more people die.Then, Emilia continues on telling everyone what happened and Iago continues to threaten her to be quiet. Here, Emilia begins her ultimate reveal. She tells Othello, O thou dull moor, that hankercheif thou speakst of, I found my fortune, and did give my husband-For often, with a solemn earnestness, more than indeed belonged to such a trifle, he begged of me to appropriate it (5. 2. 267-272) Emilia finally tells everyone that she is the one who found the hankercheif, that Cassio did not get the hankercheif from Desdemona and that in that respect is no way Desdemona was cheating on Othello.T he end of act five is where Emilia completely makes her transformation from being an silent, obedient wife, to accusing her husband of murder in public. Therefore, Emilia is underestimated by every character because of her complete obedience to her husband, Iago. Then, as Iagos plans come to light, Emilia is the first to solve Iagos puzzle of manipulations and bring them to light in front of many other Venetian men, which was completely surprising to everyone because women at this time were not meant to speak out in public against their husbands and their husbands were supposed to have their wives in complete submission.